The Bangalore University Bio-park mainly aims at the conversion of native species. Apart from this it has lot of scope for research, which helps the students and scholars to carry out research in various aspects of biodiversity. The native species were planted in different sectors. The study aims at spreading the awareness among the students and citizens that life, health, happiness, and peace all are interconnected provided generously by nature. So let’s become responsible citizens to protect mother earth and to protect future generations and ourselves.

Ex-situ conservation strategy:

A system has been evolved to decrease the mortality of the newly planted saplings by feeding them with rain water harvested through contour trenches, basins and bunds and check dams. It is not exaggerating to mention that more than ninety five percent of the plants planted have survived the severe summer seasons. Subsequently action has been initiated to recharge the underground water of the campus by construction of minor check dams and gully plugs. To maintain the fauna population, the existing bushes, trees and plants are not disturbed. Moreover they are given proper care by preventing wild fire. Now they could offer shelter to rodents, birds, reptiles, insects etc.

For accomplishing this task, around N.S.S. volunteers, drawn primarily from the affiliated colleges of Bangalore University have been deployed. While attending to the care of the plants, they have undergone educative training, physical labour (Shramadan) to bring up the Bio-diversity park. They were given theoretical and practical training in nurturing the plants and imparted knowledge about these plants as well as their utility.

The details of works carried out

Soil conservation: (a) Contour bunds (b) Contour trench (c) Soil basins (d) Gully Plugs

Groundwater Harnessing Structures: Subsurface dykes have been constructed to harness ground water. The retaining walls erected for the purpose to enable impounding of surface water and in turn became artificial recharge sites; seven structures in different valleys have been completed. The programme is sponsored by Central Ground Water Board.

Water conservation: (a) Construction of check dams (b) De silting of tanks (c) Creating eco-systems to develop microclimate for atmosphere saturation

Presently Bio-park contains 300 species and 3 lakh plants, five check dams and one kalyani were constructed through which rain water is conserved, total eight bore wells with over head tank by drip irrigation all plats are irrigated.

Concepts and objectives of the Bio – park:

1. Soil and water conversation

2. Rainwater harvesting

3. Planting of endangered plant species

4. Planting medicinal and aromatic plants

5. Improvement of environment and ecology of the Campus

6. Building up and conservation of fauna such as birds, insects, rodents, reptiles etc.

7. Research on Eco-utility projects

8. Development of ancient Smrithi Vanas.

Development for research programmes:

1. Planting of evergreen tree species in an area of 300 acres

2. Planting of Medicinal plants

3. Development of bio-fencing by bamboo, teak and Honne as hedge

4. Development of Smrithi vanas, Commemorative cluster of trees

5. Development of Tripalavana, three different types of fruit bearing trees

6. Development of Charaka and Shushrutha Vana

Bio-Park sectors:

B 1: Behind NSS Bhavana, 100 acre, 3 lakh (500 new) plants of 500 varieties including insitu

B2: Behind VC residence, 100 acre, 20,000 (6000 new) plants of Western ghat including African and China Plants, Including Geo Park

B3: Charaka vana, 12 acre, Medicinal plants garden

B4: Stadium Back, 18 acre, 2000plants

B5: Behind Venkatagiri gowda auditorium (Fruit garden), 30 acre, 5000 fruit plants of 56 different varieties

B6: Semi Miyawaki (University Law College), 4 acre, 25000 plants

B7: Behind Gandhi Bhavana, 25 acre, 5000 plants of mixed variety

B8: Near North eastern hostel, 2 acre, 300 plants of mixed variety

B9: Sericulture building, 2 acre, 200 plants of mixed variety

B10: SAI Road, 5 acre, 2000 plants of mixed variety

B11: Semi Miyawaki (SAI), 4 acre, 25000 plants of mixed variety

B12: Behind Civil engineering dept., 8 acre, 1000 Mahagani plants (British trees)

B13: Semi Miyawaki (near Garden Dept.), 4 acre 25000 plants

B14: Miyawaki (Behind physics canteen), 1 acre, 2500 plants

B15: Semi Miyawaki (Library), 4 acre, 25000 plants

B1: Here 100 Acres of area was covered by 100 acre, 3 lakh (500 new) plants of 500 varieties including insitu in the valley area sloping to-wards Vrishabavathy behind the university guesthouse. The plant species yielding Medicines, Aromatic, Timber, Cosmetics, Fodder, Fuel, Bamboo, Flowers and of course fruits were planted

B2: This area in a valley portion towards behind Vice-Chancellor Bungalow. Ten Smrithi Vanas and one Maha panchavati have been developed. The prominent Vanas are Maha panchavati, Kadamba Vana, Ashoka Vana, Bokula Vana, Vatavriksha Vana, Aswatha Vana, Devakanigalu Vana, Bilva Vana, Suganda Vana, Charaka Vana, Sushrutha Vana, Madhu Vana, Honge Vana, Bevu Vana. Totally 100 acres of area was covered with 20,000 plants. Now these plants have grown to the height of 3-5 feet. They have with stood ten summer seasons and would remain as drought resistant trees, as they have already faced severe dry and drought conditions from the year 2001.

B3:  It is around 40 acre, called as Ape midi; consist of 5000 mango trees of 11 varieties

B4: Called as Charaka Vana where medicinal plants are grown and students of Ayurvedic Colleges are using it to teach themselves to identify the Herbal Plants. It consists of ganas as conceived in Charaka Samitha.

Bird/Butterfly Watching: A variety of Birds and Butterflies are seen construction of the Bio-diversity. About 60 different types, more than 150 varieties of butterflies have been identified in the Bio-park.

Bio-park is a major habitat, for bird nesting and roosting. The flora of the campus has created a successful local interwoven symbiotic relationship between life forms. Chief wild fauna of the Campus comprises birds, rodents, reptiles, insects and toads. There are high population of snakes and termites. Through this center is has also been planned to organize extension activities and this would promote eco-tourism of Jnana Bharathi campus.